On March 12, Xinhua News Agency was authorized to release the Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China and the Outline of Vision 2035 (hereinafter referred to as the “Outline”).
The “Outline” proposes to formulate an action plan for strengthening the country through science and technology, improve the new national system under the conditions of the socialist market economy, fight the battle for key core technologies, and improve the overall efficiency of the innovation chain.
In terms of strengthening original and leading scientific and technological research, the “Outline” mentioned that strategic scientific plans and scientific projects should be formulated and implemented in the basic core areas that are related to the overall situation of national security and development.Aim at cutting-edge fields such as artificial intelligence, quantum information, integrated circuits, life and health, brain science, biological breeding, aerospace technology, and deep-sea technology, and implement a number of forward-looking and strategic national science and technology projects.Starting from the urgent and long-term needs of the country, we will concentrate our superior resources to tackle key core technologies in the fields of emerging infectious diseases and biosecurity risk prevention and control, medicine and medical equipment, key components and basic materials, and oil and gas exploration and development.
In addition, the “Outline” proposes to give full play to the advantages of massive data and rich application scenarios, promote the deep integration of digital technology and the real economy, enable the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, spawn new industries, new formats and new models, and strengthen new engines for economic development.
In terms of strengthening the innovative application of key digital technologies, the Outline mentioned that,Focus on key areas such as high-end chips, operating systems, key AI algorithms, and sensors, and accelerate research and development breakthroughs and iterative applications of basic theories, basic algorithms, and equipment materials. Strengthen the integrated research and development of general-purpose processors, cloud computing systems and software core technologies.Accelerate the deployment of cutting-edge technologies such as quantum computing, quantum communication, neural chips, and DNA storage, strengthen the cross-innovation of basic disciplines such as information science and life science, and materials, support the development of innovative consortia such as digital technology open source communities, and improve open source intellectual property rights and legal systems , to encourage enterprises to open software source code, hardware design and application services.
In terms of accelerating the promotion of digital industrialization, the “Outline” mentioned that it is necessary to cultivate and expand emerging digital industries such as artificial intelligence, big data, blockchain, cloud computing, and network security, and improve the level of industries such as communication equipment, core Electronic components, and key software. . Build 5G-based application scenarios and industrial ecology, and carry out pilot demonstrations in key areas such as smart transportation, smart logistics, smart energy, and smart medical care. Encourage enterprises to open up search, e-commerce, social networking and other data, and develop a third-party big data service industry. Promote the healthy development of the sharing economy and platform economy.
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